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Tagetes lucida is a perennial herb which is available in numerous cultivated forms and strains, which are often hard to distinguish from one another. The combinations of smoking the herbage of Tagetes lucida along with taking peyote, maize beer or cactus liquor is said to produce very active, dynamic hallucinations (Siegel et al. Your email address will not be published. The exact dosage needed to produce hallucinations is not documented (Neher 1968). They originated in the Americas, occurring from their native North American southwest spreading to Argentina. They are popularly known as flores del muerto, or “flowers of the dead.” In Mexican folk art, skulls and skeletons made of wood, paper-mâché or sugar associated with All Saints’ Day are often times painted with decorative Tagetes flowers (Ratsch 1998, 496). Tagetes lucida Cav. Even today, many Mexican Indians burn the dried herbage of Tagetes lucida as an incense on home altars and during public ceremonies (Neher 1968). “On the Use of Tagetes Lucida and Nicotiana Rustica as a Huichol Smoking Mixture.” Economic Botany 31 (1977): 16–23. These bundles have numerous uses – as an aromatic herbage used as a flavoring spice in preparing maize dishes; as a medicinal remedy; and in ceremonial or shamanic rituals. Diaz. 1977). Reko, B. P. 1919. It is reported to be smoked as a rite of passage in sexual shamanic rituals, most likely due to its aphrodisiac effects (Siegel et al. Rochester: Park Street Press, 1998. by Keith Cleversley | Jan 1, 2002 | Plants | 0 comments, COMMON NAMES: Marigolds, Yauhtli (‘the dark one’), Flor de Santa Maria, Hierba de Nube (‘cloud herb’), Sweet Mace, Mexican Tarragon. Collings, and J.L. The leaves have a tarragon-like flavor, with hints of anise, and it has entered the nursery trade in North America as a tarragon substitute. Tagetes lucidas is very commonly found in Nayarit and Jalisco at altitudes of up to 8,500 feet (Siegel et al. It is used as a medicinal plant and as a culinary herb. 3,000 new books annually, covering a wide range of subjects including biomedicine and the life sciences, clinical medicine, The Huichol Indians of the Sierra Madre of Mexico call Tagetes lucida either tumutsáli or less commonly, yahutli. 0.08g of dried leaf is smoked. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions The consumption of Tagetes lucida by smoking in Huichol ceremonial work is said to cause “quiescence, lying down, a fixed gaze, and frequent periods of closed eyes…the smoker would often turn away from the fire and face the darkness.”  Closed-eye visual images are sometimes reported, along with stomach upset and vomiting (Voogelbreinder 2009, 324). Sometimes it is mixed with tobacco. Hallucinations avex impulsions sous l’influence du tabac. They used Tagetes lucida in a ritual incense they referred to as yyauhtl. 1977). Tagetes, or marigold, species spread quickly throughout the world as decorative plants. 1977). All Tagetes species contain potentially aromatic essential oils. Also present in Tagetes lucida … Economic Botany physics, engineering, mathematics, computer sciences, and economics. Sutfeld, R., F. Balza, and G.H. Yauhtli has been associated with many ceremonies and rituals in the region and can induce and enhance powerfully vivid visions. Third Cup - Drank over a 10 minute period 10 minutes after the second cup. Request Permissions. ©2000-2020 ITHAKA. Tagetes lucida contains a substance very similar to Salvinorin A which has been found to be an extremely powerful, non-alkaloid compound for altering consciousness and one of the most potent, naturally occurring hallucinogens. With a personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free. R. K. Siegel, P. R. Collings and J. L. Diaz, Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. A tea made from the infusion of fresh herb treats Diarrhea, Hiccups, Stomach Pains and Abdominal Cramps. A decoction of leaves is effective for Cough. To access this article, please, Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. In modern times, the fresh herbage is made into a tea to treat stomach pains and abdominal cramps. Established in 1947 by Dr. Edmund J. Fulling, this journal has been the official publication of the Society for Economic Botany since 1959. Yun-Shih (Caesalpinia sepiaria) The related Tagetes erecta may be used as well (Ratsch 1998, 497). There is an artifact of a cylindrical polychrome ceramic vessel from the classic Mayan period (300-900 C.E.) Ratsch, Christian., The Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Plants: Ethnopharmacology and its Applications. Siegel, R.K., P.R. 1908. that depicts a yellow, five-petal flower whose form and color suggest that it represents Tagetes lucida (Ratsch 1998, 497). In India, juice from the freshly pressed leaves of marigolds is administered to treat eczema (Voogelbreinder 2009, 324). The herbage of Tagetes lucida can be infused, boiled or ground to produce a paste. Consumption of a tea made from the leaves, or ground plant material, has been said to induce sleep, cause hallucinations, or be useful as an … Tagetes lucida is used in combination with other herbs in Mexican brujería (or witchcraft) in ceremonial healing rites known as limpias, or “purifications,” to dispel diseases. Snu Voogelbreinder, 2009. Depictions of flowers having five petals are often found in pre-Columbian art, and it is widely believed that these are representations of the Tagetes species. Also present in Tagetes lucida are … Some shaman use it to enhance visions, others use it to induce visions. In Argentina, a decoction of the leaves is taken for coughs, and when applied topically on the skin, it is well known as an insect repellent. The Maya used this flower as an additive to their sacred balché drink. The smoking blend is also sometimes smoked in conjunction with imbibing tesquino or nawa (maize beer), or homemade ci or soter (cactus liquor). The leaves and flowers are smoked in cigarettes made from corn husks, often in combination with peyote (Lophophora williamsii). De los nombres botánicos aztecas. The Mixe of Oaxaca drink a tea made from nine Tagetes flowers for divination (Ratsch 1998, 496). Also present in Tagetes lucida are thiophene compounds and benzofurans. TRADITIONAL EFFECTS: All Tagetes species contain potentially aromatic essential oils. Tagetes lucida contains a substance very similar to Salvinorin A which has been found to be an extremely powerful, non-alkaloid compound for altering consciousness and one of the most potent, naturally occurring hallucinogens. © 1977 New York Botanical Garden Press Neil Towers. In such cases, tobacco is often mixed with other sub- This difficulty is compounded by the fact that most Tagetes have double flowers, are almost always yellow in color, with either five distinct petals or filled with smaller petals to some degree, and most have pinnate leaves. 1977). In the Mexican Dia de los Muertos celebration, also known as All Saints’ Day (November 1st), marigolds are a traditional flower laid out in abundance as offerings on the numerous altars that commemorate the lives of those who have passed from this realm. They smoke the dried herbage alone or mixed with equal parts of Nicotiana rustica. Tagetes lucida is used in combination with other herbs in Mexican brujería (witchcraft) in ceremonial healing rites known as limpias, or “purifications,” to dispel diseases. Bundles of the fresh or dried flowering herbage are sold in marketplaces throughout Mexico. The freshly pressed leaves are used to treat Eczema. One variety was thought to be the manifestation of Xochipilli, the god of psychoactive plants, by the Aztecs. Yauhtli (Tagetes lucida) Yauhtli is used by the Huichol of Mexico and has been popularly employed as a hallucinogen. The infusion of one bundle with water makes two to three cups of an aromatic tea, a sufficient dosage to produce profound stimulating and aphrodisiac effects. Yauhtli has a high content of thiophene derivatives. Recent studies among the Huichol Indians of Mexico suggest that a mixture of Nicotiana rustica and Tagetes lucida may produce hallucinogenic effects (Siegel et al., 1977). 1985). This smoking mixture, although sometimes smoked recreationally, does have ceremonial importance. An … In Mexico, it is believed that T. lucida promotes lactation, and it is also added to bath water to help relieve the symptoms of rheumatism (Siegel et al. TRADITIONAL USES: Tagetes lucida, widely identified as a powerfully psychoactive strain of the marigold flower, was first documented by the Aztecs. TRADITIONAL PREPARATION: The herbage of Tagetes lucida can be infused, boiled, or ground to produce a paste. El México Antiguo, 1, 113–157. Springer is one of the leading international scientific publishing companies, publishing over 1,200 journals and more than

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