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For substances with a number prefix such as 2-Butanol or 1,3-Cyclohexadiene, please use the first letter of the name (in this case under B or C) to find the compound. Read what you need to know about our industry portal chemeurope.com. Examples of organic compounds. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Find out more about the company LUMITOS and our team. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Liquids: Ex: Benzene, pyridine, ethanol, acetylene, etc. Here is a short list of VOCs. For substances with an m- or meta- prefix such as m-cresol, meta-cresol or metacresol that are not listed below, please look for a more generic page (in this case cresol). For substances with an N- prefix (meaning on nitrogen) such as N,N-dimethylformamide, if these are not listed below please see the parent page (in this case dimethylformamide). We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. This is a list of organic compounds and their formulas whose names begin with the letter A. Abietane - C 20 H 36. These cookies do not store any personal information. Gasses: Methane, Acetylene, etc. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. For substances with an l- or L- prefix such as L-alanine or DL-alanine, please see the parent page (in this case alanine). It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Relevant links for chemical compounds are: These (commercial) links may also provide useful information: Whilst most compounds are referred to by their IUPAC name, "traditional" names have also been kept where they are in wide use or of significant historical interest. Used in an almost identical fashion to propane, butane is contained in items including … Carbohydrates play an important role in the production and storage of energy. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. The molecular arrangement of amino acids impart different properties to different kinds of proteins. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The carbon atom becomes stable when it gains four electrons and forms four bonds with them. Amino acids are the subunits of proteins. These molecules form long chains of similar subunits or polymers. For substances with an c- or cis- prefix such as cis-3-hexenal, you may find these listed under the parent name letter (in this case "H"), as is the norm in chemical catalogues. Organic compounds are found all around us as they form the basis of many products that we use today. Volatile substances: Naphthalene (shows sublimation). Lactic acid — CH 3 CH (OH)COOH Lactose Lauric acid Lauryl alcohol LDA (Lithium diisopropylamide) Leucine Levulinic acid Limonene Linalool Linoleic acid Linolenic acid Lipoamide Lithium diisopropylamide Loratadine LSD Luminol 2,6-Lutidine Lycopene Lysine There are 20 different kinds of amino acids found in proteins. Most of the biologically derived VOCs are emitted from plants. Classes of Organic Compounds Apart from the major organic compounds mentioned above, there are thousands of other compounds. They are composed of an amino group and an acid group. Therefore, the chemical formula for carbohydrates is written as Cm(H2O)n. For example, glucose is a sugar molecule, whose chemical formula is written as C6H12O6. Carbohydrates The organic compound, ‘carbohydrate’ is called so because, a carbohydrate molecule is composed of carbon atoms and 2 hydrogen atoms for every oxygen atom. Proteins in the form of hemoglobin allow to carry the oxygen in blood to different parts of the body. Note that purely inorganic compounds, minerals, and chemical elements are not included on this list. Categories: Organic compounds | Chemical compounds | Chemistry lists. There is a functional group attached at the end of molecules of organic compounds; the functional group helps in classifying them. Take a look at the various African countries and their capitals. Alkanes contain only carbon–hydrogen and carbon–carbon single bonds, alkenes contain at least one carbon–carbon double bond, and alkynes contain one or more carbon–carbon triple bonds. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. Nucleic acids are of two types: DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and RNA (ribonucleic acid). Aldehyde is a organic compound that has a carbonyl functional group that is attached to … The simplest organic compounds are the hydrocarbons, which contain only carbon and hydrogen. For substances with an n- or normal- prefix such as n-pentane that are not listed below, please see the parent page (in this case pentane). For substances with an s- or secondary- prefix such as s-butyllithium or sec-butyllithium that are not listed below, please see the parent page (in this case under B, butyllithium). Note that such names usually have the first letter capitalized in a title or at the beginning of a sentence. Volatile Organic Compounds The organic chemical compounds that have significant vapor pressure and which can affect their environment as well as human health are known as volatile organic compounds or VOCs. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) molecules supply the required energy to cells. For substances with an p- or para- prefix such as p-cresol, para-cresol or paracresol that are not listed below, please look for a more generic page (in this case cresol). Would you like to write for us? Bodily systems of all living beings in the world are formed of organic compounds. Carbon dioxide cannot be considered an organic compound because it lacks hydrogen. See also: organic compound, list of compounds, list of inorganic compounds, inorganic compounds by element, list of biomolecules, polyatomic ions, list of elements by name, list of alchemical substances, list of drugs, list of reactions. The 4 types of lipids are listed below. The genetic information of an organism in cells is stored in nucleic acids. This list is not necessarily complete or up to date — if you see an article that should be here but isn't (or one that shouldn't be here but is), please update the page accordingly. Acenaphthoquinone - C 12 H 6 O 2. Molecules of these compounds are large in size, therefore, they are known as macromolecules. Subunits of polymers are known as monomers. For substances with an t- or trans- prefix such as *trans-2-Butene, you may find these listed under the parent name letter (in this case "B"), as is the norm in chemical catalogues. All organic compounds have carbon as the central element, attached to different functional groups. Solids: Diamond, coal, graphite, acids like (acetic acid, acetic acid), sugars, fats, etc. It has 3 phosphate groups attached in a chain. © 1997-2020 LUMITOS AG, All rights reserved, https://www.chemeurope.com/en/encyclopedia/List_of_organic_compounds.html, Your browser is not current. Abietic acid - C 20 H 30 O 2. Proteins also form enzymes, which help in carrying out metabolic transformations, building and rearranging compounds, breaking down large organic compounds, etc. These compounds include phenols and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Organic Compounds Present in the Human Body Organic compounds are classified on the basis of their functional groups. An organic compound is formed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen-like glucose molecule. Acenaphthene - C 12 H 10. Find out how LUMITOS supports you with online marketing. Volatile compounds are found almost everywhere in the world. When these compounds combine with larger molecules, they bind together at a point where the functional group is attached. A comparative study of what ionic compounds and molecular compounds are will help you understand the differences between the two of them. The different types of organic molecules are listed below. Most of these compounds are composed of hydrocarbons – formed of carbon and hydrogen. Carbohydrates generally have 5-6 rings of carbons; alcohol molecules have the -OH group attached to them. They also provide a proper structure to the cells. The number of carbon atoms is not in proportion with the number of either oxygen or hydrogen atoms. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Proteins Proteins are amongst the important types of macromolecules found in skin collagen, nails and hair, and in the form of keratin and crystallin in the eyes. Also, DNA has thymine as one of its base groups; RNAs have uracil instead of thymine. To use all the functions on Chemie.DE please activate JavaScript. ), Acetylsalicylic Acid also known as Aspirin, 2-Chlorobenzoic acid (o-Chlorobenzoic acid), 4-Phenyl-4-(1-piperidinyl)cyclohexanol (PPC), Violanthrone-79 (16,17-bis(octyloxy)anthra[9,1,2-. Nucleic Acids The subunits of nucleic acids are called nucleotides. For substances with a d- or D- prefix such as D-alanine or DL-alanine, please see the parent page (in this case alanine). Anne Marie Helmenstine, Ph.D. To use all functions of this page, please activate cookies in your browser.

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